Rabindranath Tagore was born in 1861 at Kolkata. He was also known for his pen name called Bhanu Singha Thakur. He was also known by his sobriquets Gurudev, Kabiguru, and Biswakabi, poet, musician, and artist. He was the first noble price winner writer among Southasian countries. His songs are called Rabindra Sangeet. He had written the National Anthem of Bangladesh.
Biography of Rabindranath Tagore
- Full Name: Rabindranath Tagore
- Pen name: Bhanu Singha Thakur
- Born: 7 May 1861
- Died: 7 August 1941
- Birthplace: Kolkata
- Occupation: Writer, composer, essayist
- Nationality: Indian
- Period: Bengali Renaissance
- Genre: All genre book
- Spouse: Mrinalini Devi
Personal life of Rabindranath Tagore:
Rabindranath Tagore’s mother had died at an early age and his father traveled a lot, so he raised by servent. Tagore’s family hosted the publication of literary magazines. Tagore’s father invited several professional Dhrupad musicians to stay in their house and teach Indian classical music to his children. Al of his brother and sister are very well established by that time. His big brother Dwijendranath was a philosopher and poet.
His other brother, Satyendranath, was the first Indian Civil Service officer. Another brother, Jyotirindranath, was a musician, composer, and playwright. His sister Swarnakumari became a novelist. He got married to Mrinalini Devi.
Tagore didn’t get any classroom school education but he learned drawing, anatomy, geography and history, literature, mathematics, Sanskrit, and English, etc. He visited Santiniketan estate and Amritsar. When he stay one month in Amritsar 1873 he was greatly influenced by melodious Gurbani and Nanak bani being sung at Golden Temple for which both father and son were regular visitors.
Literary Life of Rabindranath Tagore:
He got a novel prize for his Gitanjali. In 1901 Tagore moved to Santiniketan to found an ashram with a The Mandir an experimental school, gardens, a library. Some of his short stories are very popular such as Kabuliwala, Kshudita Pashan, and Atithi, etc.
The novel ends in Hindu-Muslim violence and Nikhil’s likely mortal wounding. Gora raises controversial questions about Indian identity. His creation Ghare Baire solve the matters of self-identity personal freedom, and religion is developed in the context of a family story. His great creation Shesher Kobita’s poem has translated twice as Last Poem and Farewell Song is his most lyrical novel, with poems, was ever written.
Tagore was a prolific composer of almost 2,230 songs to his credit. His songs are called rabindrasangit. He Influenced by the thumri style of Hindustani music. His written song Amar Shonar Bangla became the national anthem of Bangladesh. It was written to protest the 1905 Partition of Bengal along communal lines cutting off the Muslim-majority East Bengal from Hindu-dominated West Bengal. Jana Gana Mana was written in shadhu-bhasha, a Sanskritised form of Bengali. Sri Lanka’s National Anthem was inspired by his work.
Top Books List of Rabindranath Tagore:
- Raktakarabi Book PDF
- Chotu Rango Book PDF
- Ghore Baire Book PDF
- Gitanjali published in 1913
- Ghar Aur Bahar
- Stray Birds
- Chokher Bali
- The post office
- Nastanirh published in 1901
- Yogayog published in 1929
- Jivansmriti published in 1912
- Chhelebela published in 1940