Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay was born in 27 June 1838 at the village of Kanthalpara in the district of 24-Pargana in an orthodox Bengali family. He was the youngest of three brothers. Their names are Yadav Chandra Chattopadhyaya and Durgadebi Bankimchandra. His father was a deputy collector at Hughli by this time. His father, a government official, went on to become the Deputy Collector of Midnapur.
Biography of Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay:
- Full Name: Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay
- Public name: Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
- Born: 27 June 1838
- Died: 8 April 1894
- Birthplace: Naihati, Bengal Presidency, British India
- Occupation: Writer, poet, novelist, essayist, journalist, lecturer and politician
- Nationality: Indian
- Genre: Indian Renaissance
Personal life of Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay:
Bankim was one of the two students of the first BA batch of Kolkata University. Bankimchandra joined the Subordinate Executive Service and became a deputy magistrate and deputy collector. For his extraordinary job performance, he received the titles of Rai Bahadur in 1891 the most prestigious Order of the Indian by that time. Bankimchandra published a newspaper called Sangbad Prabhakar published in weekly.
Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay was married at the age of eleven. He had a son with his first wife. He later married Rajalakshmi Devi with whom he had three daughters. Once bankimchandra asks for the meaning of Bankim which is Bent a little. Bankim Chandra jokingly replied that it was the kick from the Englishman’s shoe for he was a well-known critic of the British and he used his good sense of humor and comedy to do so.
Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay Contribution in literature:
He began his literary career as a writer of verse. He was a most popular Bengali Famous writer. His first fiction was published in Rajmohan’s Wife. Durgeshnondini was his first Bengali romance and the first-ever novel in Bangla. This novel was first published in 1865. He wrote many novels and many comic, satirical, scientific and critical treatises in Bengali.
Some of his book names are Durgeshnandini, Kapalkundala, Mrinalini, Vishabriksha, Indira, Jugalanguriya, Radharani, Chandrasekhar, Kamalakanter Daptar, Rajsimha, Anandamath, Devi Chaudhurani, Sitaram, Kamalakanta. He also wrote a poetry collection book called Lalita O Manas. His contribution to essays is Lok Rahasya, Bijnan Rahasya, Essays on Science that published in 1875, ichitra Prabandha, Samya Equality that published in 1879. He died in the year of 1894.
Top Books list of Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay:
- Durgeshnandini (Published in Calcutta, March 1865)
- Kapalkundala (Published in Calcutta, 1866)
- Mrinalini (Published in Calcutta, 1869)
- Vishabriksha (The Poison Tree, 1873)
- Indira (Published in Calcutta 1873, revised 1893)
- Jugalanguriya (Published in Calcutta, 1874)
- Radharani (Published in Calcutta, 1876, enlarged 1893)
- Chandrasekhar (Published in Calcutta, 1877)
- Kamalakanter Daptar (Published in Calcutta, From the Desk of Kamlakanta, 1875)
- Rajani(Published in Calcutta, 1877)
- Krishnakanter Uil (Published in Calcutta, Krishnakanta’s Will, 1878)
- Rajsimha (Published in Calcutta, 1882)
- Anandamath (Published in Calcutta, 1882)
- Devi Chaudhurani (Published in Calcutta, 1884)
- Kamalakanta (Published in Calcutta, 1885)
Source from: Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Wikipedia